Distributed Optimal Load Frequency Control Considering Nonsmooth Cost Functions

Zhaojian Wang, Feng Liua, Changhong Zhao, Zhiyuan Ma, Wei Wei

This work addresses the distributed frequency control problem in power systems considering controllable load with a nonsmooth cost. The nonsmoothness exists widely in power systems, such as tiered price, greatly challenging the design of distributed optimal controllers. In this regard, we first formulate an optimization problem that minimizes the nonsmooth regulation cost, where both capacity limits of controllable load and tie-line flow are considered. Then, a distributed controller is derived using the Clark generalized gradient. We also prove the optimality of the equilibrium of the closed-loop system as well as its asymptotic stability. Simulations carried out on the IEEE 68-bus system verifies the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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