Kernelized Capsule Networks

Taylor Killian, Justin Goodwin, Olivia Brown, Sung-Hyun Son

Capsule Networks attempt to represent patterns in images in a way that preserves hierarchical spatial relationships. Additionally, research has demonstrated that these techniques may be robust against adversarial perturbations. We present an improvement to training capsule networks with added robustness via non-parametric kernel methods. The representations learned through the capsule network are used to construct covariance kernels for Gaussian processes (GPs). We demonstrate that this approach achieves comparable prediction performance to Capsule Networks while improving robustness to adversarial perturbations and providing a meaningful measure of uncertainty that may aid in the detection of adversarial inputs.

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