Clustering Degree-Corrected Stochastic Block Model with Outliers

Xin Qian, Yudong Chen, Andreea Minca

For the degree corrected stochastic block model in the presence of arbitrary or even adversarial outliers, we develop a convex-optimization-based clustering algorithm that includes a penalization term depending on the positive deviation of a node from the expected number of edges to other inliers. We prove that under mild conditions, this method achieves exact recovery of the underlying clusters. Our synthetic experiments show that our algorithm performs well on heterogeneous networks, and in particular those with Pareto degree distributions, for which outliers have a broad range of possible degrees that may enhance their adversarial power. We also demonstrate that our method allows for recovery with significantly lower error rates compared to existing algorithms.

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