Improved Adversarial Robustness via Logit Regularization Methods

Cecilia Summers, Michael J. Dinneen

While great progress has been made at making neural networks effective across a wide range of visual tasks, most models are surprisingly vulnerable. This frailness takes the form of small, carefully chosen perturbations of their input, known as adversarial examples, which represent a security threat for learned vision models in the wild -- a threat which should be responsibly defended against in safety-critical applications of computer vision. In this paper, we advocate for and experimentally investigate the use of a family of logit regularization techniques as an adversarial defense, which can be used in conjunction with other methods for creating adversarial robustness at little to no marginal cost. We also demonstrate that much of the effectiveness of one recent adversarial defense mechanism can in fact be attributed to logit regularization, and show how to improve its defense against both white-box and black-box attacks, in the process creating a stronger black-box attack against PGD-based models. We validate our methods on three datasets and include results on both gradient-free attacks and strong gradient-based iterative attacks with as many as 1,000 steps.

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