Towards Big data processing in IoT: Path Planning and Resource Management of UAV Base Stations in Mobile-Edge Computing System

Shuo Wan, Jiaxun Lu, Pingyi Fan, Khaled B. Letaief

Heavy data load and wide cover range have always been crucial problems for online data processing in internet of things (IoT). Recently, mobile-edge computing (MEC) and unmanned aerial vehicle base stations (UAV-BSs) have emerged as promising techniques in IoT. In this paper, we propose a three-layer online data processing network based on MEC technique. On the bottom layer, raw data are generated by widely distributed sensors, which reflects local information. Upon them, unmanned aerial vehicle base stations (UAV-BSs) are deployed as moving MEC servers, which collect data and conduct initial steps of data processing. On top of them, a center cloud receives processed results and conducts further evaluation. As this is an online data processing system, the edge nodes should stabilize delay to ensure data freshness. Furthermore, limited onboard energy poses constraints to edge processing capability. To smartly manage network resources for saving energy and stabilizing delay, we develop an online determination policy based on Lyapunov Optimization. In cases of low data rate, it tends to reduce edge processor frequency for saving energy. In the presence of high data rate, it will smartly allocate bandwidth for edge data offloading. Meanwhile, hovering UAV-BSs bring a large and flexible service coverage, which results in the problem of effective path planning. In this paper, we apply deep reinforcement learning and develop an online path planning algorithm. Taking observations of around environment as input, a CNN network is trained to predict the reward of each action. By simulations, we validate its effectiveness in enhancing service coverage. The result will contribute to big data processing in future IoT.

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