On Embedding De Bruijn Sequences by Increasing the Alphabet Size

Moshe Schwartz, Yotam Svoray, Gera Weiss

The generalization of De Bruijn sequences to infinite sequences with respect to the order $n$ has been studied iand it was shown that every de Bruijn sequence of order $n$ in at least three symbols can be extended to a de Bruijn sequence of order $n + 1$. Every de Bruijn sequence of order $n$ in two symbols can not be extended to order $n + 1$, but it can be extended to order $n + 2$. A natural question to ask is if this theorem is true with respect to the alphabet. That is, we would like to understand if we can extend a De Bruijn sequence of order $n$ over alphabet $k$ into a into a De Bruijn sequence of order $n$ and alphabet $k+1$. We call a De Bruijn sequence with this property an Onion De Bruijn sequence. In this paper we show that the answer to this question is positive. In fact, we prove that the well known Prefer Max De Bruijn sequence has this property, and in fact every sequence with this property behaves like the Prefer max De Bruijn sequence.

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