FPScreen: A Rapid Similarity Search Tool for Massive Molecular Library Based on Molecular Fingerprint Comparison

Lijun Wang, Jianbing Gong, Yingxia Zhang, Tianmou Liu, Junhui Gao

We designed a fast similarity search engine for large molecular libraries: FPScreen. We downloaded 100 million molecules' structure files in PubChem with SDF extension, then applied a computational chemistry tool RDKit to convert each structure file into one line of text in MACCS format and stored them in a text file as our molecule library. The similarity search engine compares the similarity while traversing the 166-bit strings in the library file line by line. FPScreen can complete similarity search through 100 million entries in our molecule library within one hour. That is very fast as a biology computation tool. Additionally, we divided our library into several strides for parallel processing. FPScreen was developed in WEB mode.

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