#### Permutation Excess Entropy and Mutual Information between the Past and Future

##### Taichi Haruna, Kohei Nakajima

We address the excess entropy, which is a measure of complexity for stationary time series, from the ordinal point of view. We show that the permutation excess entropy is equal to the mutual information between two adjacent semi-infinite blocks in the space of orderings for finite-state stationary ergodic Markov processes. This result may shed a new light on the relationship between complexity and anticipation.

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