A note on anti-coordination and social interactions

Zhigang Cao, Xiaoguang Yang

This note confirms a conjecture of [Bramoull\'{e}, Anti-coordination and social interactions, Games and Economic Behavior, 58, 2007: 30-49]. The problem, which we name the maximum independent cut problem, is a restricted version of the MAX-CUT problem, requiring one side of the cut to be an independent set. We show that the maximum independent cut problem does not admit any polynomial time algorithm with approximation ratio better than $n^{1-\epsilon}$, where $n$ is the number of nodes, and $\epsilon$ arbitrarily small, unless P=NP. For the rather special case where each node has a degree of at most four, the problem is still MAXSNP-hard.

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