Fork-forests in bi-colored complete bipartite graphs

Maria Axenovich, Marcus Krug, Georg Osang, Ignaz Rutter

Motivated by the problem in [6], which studies the relative efficiency of propositional proof systems, 2-edge colorings of complete bipartite graphs are investigated. It is shown that if the edges of $G=K_{n,n}$ are colored with black and white such that the number of black edges differs from the number of white edges by at most 1, then there are at least $n(1-1/\sqrt{2})$ vertex-disjoint forks with centers in the same partite set of $G$. Here, a fork is a graph formed by two adjacent edges of different colors. The bound is sharp. Moreover, an algorithm running in time $O(n^2 \log n \sqrt{n \alpha(n^2,n) \log n})$ and giving a largest such fork forest is found.

Knowledge Graph

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