This paper is concerned with the local reducibility properties of linear realizations of codes on finite graphs. Trimness and properness are dual properties of constraint codes. A linear realization is locally reducible if any constraint code is not both trim and proper. On a finite cycle-free graph, a linear realization is minimal if and only if every constraint code is both trim and proper. A linear realization is called observable if it is one-to-one, and controllable if all constraints are independent. Observability and controllability are dual properties. An unobservable or uncontrollable realization is locally reducible. A parity-check realization is uncontrollable if and only if it has redundant parity checks. A tail-biting trellis realization is uncontrollable if and only if its trajectories partition into disconnected subrealizations. General graphical realizations do not share this property.