Remote Photoplethysmography: Rarely Considered Factors

Yuriy Mironenko, Konstantin Kalinin, Mikhail Kopeliovich, Mikhail Petrushan

Remote Photoplethysmography (rPPG) is a fast-growing technique of vital sign estimation by analyzing video of a person. Several major phenomena affecting rPPG signals have been studied (e.g. video compression, distance from person to camera, skin tone, head motions). However, to develop a highly accurate rPPG method, new, minor, factors should be investigated. First considered factor is irregular frame rate of video recordings. Despite of PPG signal transformation by frame rate irregularity, no significant distortion of PPG signal spectra was found in the experiments. Second factor is rolling shutter effect which generates tiny phase shift of the same PPG signal in different parts of the frame caused by progressive scanning. In particular conditions effect of this artifact could be of the same order of magnitude as physiologically caused phase shifts. Third factor is a size of temporal windows, which could significantly influence the estimated error of vital sign evaluation. It follows that one should account difference in size of processing windows when comparing rPPG methods. Short series of experiments were conducted to estimate importance of these phenomena and to determine necessity of their further comprehensive study.

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