Abstraction of operation processes is a fundamental step for simulation modeling. To reliably abstract an operation process, modelers rely on text information to study and understand details of operations. Aiming at reducing modelers' interpretation load and ensuring the reliability of the abstracted information, this research proposes a systematic methodology to automate the abstraction of operation processes. The methodology applies rule-based information extraction to automatically extract operation process-related information from unstructured text and creates graphical representations of operation processes using the extracted information. To demonstrate the applicability and feasibility of the proposed methodology, a text description of an earthmoving operation is used to create its corresponding graphical representation. Overall, this research enhances the state-of-the-art simulation modeling through achieving automated abstraction of operation processes, which largely reduces modelers' interpretation load and ensures the reliability of the abstracted operation processes.