Extending Partial 1-Planar Drawings

Eduard Eiben, Robert Ganian, Thekla Hamm, Fabian Klute, Martin Nöllenburg

Algorithmic extension problems of partial graph representations such as planar graph drawings or geometric intersection representations are of growing interest in topological graph theory and graph drawing. In such an extension problem, we are given a tuple $(G,H,\mathcal{H})$ consisting of a graph $G$, a connected subgraph $H$ of $G$ and a drawing $\mathcal{H}$ of $H$, and the task is to extend $\mathcal{H}$ into a drawing of $G$ while maintaining some desired property of the drawing, such as planarity. In this paper we study the problem of extending partial 1-planar drawings, which are drawings in the plane that allow each edge to have at most one crossing. In addition we consider the subclass of IC-planar drawings, which are 1-planar drawings with independent crossings. Recognizing 1-planar graphs as well as IC-planar graphs is \NP-complete and the \NP-completeness easily carries over to the extension problem. Therefore, our focus lies on establishing the tractability of such extension problems in a weaker sense than polynomial-time tractability. Here, we show that both problems are fixed-parameter tractable when parameterized by the number of edges missing from $H$, i.e., the edge deletion distance between $H$ and $G$. The second part of the paper then turns to a more powerful parameterization which is based on measuring the vertex+edge deletion distance between the partial and complete drawing, i.e., the minimum number of vertices and edges that need to be deleted to obtain $H$ from $G$.

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