Experimental Analysis and Evaluation of RaptorQ Codes for Video Multicasting over Wi-Fi

Berna Bulut

This paper presents a reliable and efficient high quality video streaming solution for use in challenging outdoor environments over Wi-Fi. An application layer forward error correction based on RaptorQ codes was implemented in a practical Wi-Fi based server and client system to enhance reliability. Thus, this paper presents the first detailed analysis on the implementation of RaptorQ codes for streaming high definition video over Wi-Fi. The measurements were performed in central Bristol with parameters such as RaptorQ symbol size, code rate, buffering time and modulation and coding scheme, and user quality of experience based on these parameters was evaluated. For multicast live video streaming it is demonstrated that system performance is mostly dominated by hardware and software limitations on constrained host platforms where the incoming packet rate exceeds the device`s ability to consume the traffic, i.e., Wi-Fi clients are a major source of packet loss, even in ideal channel conditions. Client limitations were found to be a function of modulation and coding schemes and RaptorQ coding parameters. Therefore, the optimum system design parameters such as RaptorQ symbol size, code rate and buffering time with respect to modulation and coding schemes were suggested considering practical limitations from real-world measurements.

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