Adaptive model selection in photonic reservoir computing by reinforcement learning

Kazutaka Kanno, Makoto Naruse, Atsushi Uchida

Photonic reservoir computing is an emergent technology toward beyond-Neumann computing. Although photonic reservoir computing provides superior performance in environments whose characteristics are coincident with the training datasets for the reservoir, the performance is significantly degraded if these characteristics deviate from the original knowledge used in the training phase. Here, we propose a scheme of adaptive model selection in photonic reservoir computing using reinforcement learning. In this scheme, a temporal waveform is generated by different dynamic source models that change over time. The system autonomously identifies the best source model for the task of time series prediction using photonic reservoir computing and reinforcement learning. We prepare two types of output weights for the source models, and the system adaptively selected the correct model using reinforcement learning, where the prediction errors are associated with rewards. We succeed in adaptive model selection when the source signal is temporally mixed, having originally been generated by two different dynamic system models, as well as when the signal is a mixture from the same model but with different parameter values. This study paves the way for autonomous behavior in photonic artificial intelligence and could lead to new applications in load forecasting and multi-objective control, where frequent environment changes are expected.

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