Related by Similiarity: Poristic Triangles and 3-Periodics in the Elliptic Billiard

Ronaldo Garcia, Dan Reznik

Discovered by William Chapple in 1746, the Poristic family is a set of variable-perimeter triangles with common Incircle and Circumcircle. By definition, the family has constant Inradius-to-Circumradius ratio. Interestingly, this invariance also holds for the family of 3-periodics in the Elliptic Billiard, though here Inradius and Circumradius are variable and perimeters are constant. Indeed, we show one family is mapped onto the other via a varying similarity transform. This implies that any scale-free quantities and invariants observed in one family must hold on the other.

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