Optimization of two-level methods for DG discretizations of reaction-diffusion equations

José Pablo Lucero Lorca, Martin Jakob Gander

We analyze and optimize two-level methods applied to a symmetric interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin finite element discretization of a singularly perturbed reaction-diffusion equation. Previous analyses of such methods have been performed by Hemker et. al. for the Poisson problem focusing on optimizing the smoother. Our main innovation is that we optimize the complete two-level process, and we obtain explicit formulas for the optimal relaxation parameter of the two-level method for the Poisson problem in 1D, and closed form approximation formulas for the optimal choice in the reaction-diffusion case in all regimes. Our analysis shows that for DG penalization parameter values used in practice, it is better to use cell block-Jacobi smoothers of Schwarz type, in contrast to earlier results suggesting that point block-Jacobi smoothers are preferable, based on a smoothing analysis alone. Our analysis also reveals how the performance of the iterative solver depends on the DG penalization parameter, and what value should be chosen to get the fastest iterative solver, providing a new, direct link between DG discretization and iterative solver performance. We illustrate our analysis with numerical experiments.

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