Deep Learning-Based Gait Recognition Using Smartphones in the Wild

Qin Zou, Yanling Wang, Qian Wang, Yi Zhao, Qingquan Li

Compared to other biometrics, gait is difficult to conceal and has the advantage of being unobtrusive. Inertial sensors, such as accelerometers and gyroscopes, are often used to capture gait dynamics. These inertial sensors are commonly integrated into smartphones and are widely used by the average person, which makes gait data convenient and inexpensive to collect. In this paper, we study gait recognition using smartphones in the wild. In contrast to traditional methods, which often require a person to walk along a specified road and/or at a normal walking speed, the proposed method collects inertial gait data under unconstrained conditions without knowing when, where, and how the user walks. To obtain good person identification and authentication performance, deep-learning techniques are presented to learn and model the gait biometrics based on walking data. Specifically, a hybrid deep neural network is proposed for robust gait feature representation, where features in the space and time domains are successively abstracted by a convolutional neural network and a recurrent neural network. In the experiments, two datasets collected by smartphones for a total of 118 subjects are used for evaluations. The experiments show that the proposed method achieves higher than 93.5\% and 93.7\% accuracies in person identification and authentication, respectively.

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