White Paper on Critical and Massive Machine Type Communication Towards 6G

Nurul Huda Mahmood, Stefan Böcker, Andrea Munari, Federico Clazzer, Ingrid Moerman, Konstantin Mikhaylov, Onel Lopez, Ok-Sun Park, Eric Mercier, Hannes Bartz, Riku Jüntti, Ravikumar Pragada, Yihua Ma, Elina Annanperä, Christian Wietfeld, Martin Andraud, Gianluigi Liva, Yan Chen, Eduardo Garro, Frank Burkhardt, Hirley Alves, Chen-Feng Liu, Yalcin Sadi, Jean-Baptiste Dore, Eunah Kim, JaeSheung Shin, Gi-Yoon Park, Seok-Ki Kim, Chanho Yoon, Khoirul Anwar, Pertti Seppänen

The society as a whole, and many vertical sectors in particular, is becoming increasingly digitalized. Machine Type Communication (MTC), encompassing its massive and critical aspects, and ubiquitous wireless connectivity are among the main enablers of such digitization at large. The recently introduced 5G New Radio is natively designed to support both aspects of MTC to promote the digital transformation of the society. However, it is evident that some of the more demanding requirements cannot be fully supported by 5G networks. Alongside, further development of the society towards 2030 will give rise to new and more stringent requirements on wireless connectivity in general, and MTC in particular. Driven by the societal trends towards 2030, the next generation (6G) will be an agile and efficient convergent network serving a set of diverse service classes and a wide range of key performance indicators (KPI). This white paper explores the main drivers and requirements of an MTC-optimized 6G network, and discusses the following six key research questions: - Will the main KPIs of 5G continue to be the dominant KPIs in 6G; or will there emerge new key metrics? - How to deliver different E2E service mandates with different KPI requirements considering joint-optimization at the physical up to the application layer? - What are the key enablers towards designing ultra-low power receivers and highly efficient sleep modes? - How to tackle a disruptive rather than incremental joint design of a massively scalable waveform and medium access policy for global MTC connectivity? - How to support new service classes characterizing mission-critical and dependable MTC in 6G? - What are the potential enablers of long term, lightweight and flexible privacy and security schemes considering MTC device requirements?

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