Breaking the Bound: Rate-2, Full Diversity, Orthogonal MIMO-STBC Transceiver Design

Anu Jagannath, Jithin Jagannath, Andrew Drozd

Space Time Block Codes (STBCs) from orthogonal designs have attracted significant interest in recent years. However, with the growing demand for higher capacity schemes, the multiantenna transmission techniques must support and achieve higher symbol transmission rates. In this article, we focus on three and four transmit antenna schemes. For over two decades, STBC schemes for three and four transmit antennas that achieve a very high symbol transmission rate while being orthogonal, fully diverse, delay-efficient, and with very low decoding complexity have not been achieved. The schemes proposed so far trades off orthogonality, delay, diversity, or decoding complexity while achieving rate or vice-versa. This work is first of its kind to solve this problem while fulfilling all the desired properties. In this work, we carefully study the various aspects that must be considered in designing higher symbol transmission rate STBCs. The proposed designs, hereby referred to as, Jagannath schemes - for 4 x 3 and 4 x 4 configurations are orthogonal, achieve full diversity, and support a symbol transmission rate of 2 symbols/s/Hz. The design methodology follows a coding gain maximization approach. The low decoding complexity procedure to decode the proposed transmission schemes are proposed as well as extensively evaluated in simulations under diverse settings. The performance of proposed schemes are empirically compared to two state-of-the-art schemes; ACIOD and Jafarkhani. Jagannath 4 x 3 was shown to outperform ACIOD by ~12 dB while Jagannath 4 x 4 exhibited a ~7 dB superior performance in contrast to Jafarkhani at 4 bpcu. This motivates the adoption of Jagannath schemes in tactical and commercial communication systems to effectively double the throughput or to extend the

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