Does Visual Self-Supervision Improve Learning of Speech Representations?

Abhinav Shukla, Stavros Petridis, Maja Pantic

Self-supervised learning has attracted plenty of recent research interest. However, most works are typically unimodal and there has been limited work that studies the interaction between audio and visual modalities for self-supervised learning. This work (1) investigates visual self-supervision via face reconstruction to guide the learning of audio representations; (2) proposes two audio-only self-supervision approaches for speech representation learning; (3) shows that a multi-task combination of the proposed visual and audio self-supervision is beneficial for learning richer features that are more robust in noisy conditions; (4) shows that self-supervised pretraining leads to a superior weight initialization, which is especially useful to prevent overfitting and lead to faster model convergence on smaller sized datasets. We evaluate our audio representations for emotion and speech recognition, achieving state of the art performance for both problems. Our results demonstrate the potential of visual self-supervision for audio feature learning and suggest that joint visual and audio self-supervision leads to more informative speech representations.

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