A Parallel Optimal Task Allocation Mechanism for Large-Scale Mobile Edge Computing

Xiaoxiong Zhong, Xinghan Wang, Yuanyuan Yang, Yang Qin, Xiaoke Ma, Tingting Yang

We consider the problem of intelligent and efficient task allocation mechanism in large-scale mobile edge computing (MEC), which can reduce delay and energy consumption in a parallel and distributed optimization. In this paper, we study the joint optimization model to consider cooperative task management mechanism among mobile terminals (MT), macro cell base station (MBS), and multiple small cell base station (SBS) for large-scale MEC applications. We propose a parallel multi-block Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) based method to model both requirements of low delay and low energy consumption in the MEC system which formulates the task allocation under those requirements as a nonlinear 0-1 integer programming problem. To solve the optimization problem, we develop an efficient combination of conjugate gradient, Newton and linear search techniques based algorithm with Logarithmic Smoothing (for global variables updating) and the Cyclic Block coordinate Gradient Projection (CBGP, for local variables updating) methods, which can guarantee convergence and reduce computational complexity with a good scalability. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed mechanism and it can effectively reduce delay and energy consumption for a large-scale MEC system.

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