Energy mu-Calculus: Symbolic Fixed-Point Algorithms for omega-Regular Energy Games

Gal Amram, Shahar Maoz, Or Pistiner, Jan Oliver Ringert

$\omega$-regular energy games, which are weighted two-player turn-based games with the quantitative objective to keep the energy levels non-negative, have been used in the context of verification and synthesis. The logic of modal $\mu$-calculus, when applied over game graphs with $\omega$-regular winning conditions, allows defining symbolic algorithms in the form of fixed-point formulas for computing the sets of winning states. In this paper, we introduce energy $\mu$-calculus, a multi-valued extension of the $\mu$-calculus that serves as a symbolic framework for solving $\omega$-regular energy games. Energy $\mu$-calculus enables the seamless reuse of existing, well-known symbolic $\mu$-calculus algorithms for $\omega$-regular games, to solve their corresponding energy augmented variants. We define the syntax and semantics of energy $\mu$-calculus over symbolic representations of the game graphs, and show how to use it to solve the decision and the minimum credit problems for $\omega$-regular energy games, for both bounded and unbounded energy level accumulations.

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