Optimizing Approximate Leave-one-out Cross-validation to Tune Hyperparameters

Ryan Burn

For a large class of regularized models, leave-one-out cross-validation can be efficiently estimated with an approximate leave-one-out formula (ALO). We consider the problem of adjusting hyperparameters so as to optimize ALO. We derive efficient formulas to compute the gradient and hessian of ALO and show how to apply a second-order optimizer to find hyperparameters. We demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed approach by finding hyperparameters for regularized logistic regression and ridge regression on various real-world data sets.

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