RVCoreP-32IC: A high-performance RISC-V soft processor with an efficient fetch unit supporting the compressed instructions

Takuto Kanamori, Hiromu Miyazaki, Kenji Kise

In this paper, we propose a high-performance RISC-V soft processor with an efficient fetch unit supporting the compressed instructions targeting on FPGA. The compressed instruction extension in RISC-V can reduce the program size by about 25%. But it needs a complicated logic for the instruction fetch unit and has a significant impact on performance. We propose an instruction fetch unit that supports the compressed instructions while exhibiting high performance. Furthermore, we propose a RISC-V soft processor using this unit. We implement this proposed processor in Verilog HDL and verify the behavior using Verilog simulation and an actual Xilinx Atrix-7 FPGA board. We compare the results of some benchmarks and the amount of hardware with related works. DMIPS, CoreMark value, and Embench value of the proposed processor achieved 42.5%, 41.1% and 21.3% higher performance than the related work, respectively.

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