Computation harvesting in road traffic dynamics

Hiroyasu Ando, T. Okamoto, H. Chang, T. Noguchi, Shinji Nakaoka

Owing to recent advances in artificial intelligence and internet of things (IoT) technologies, collected big data facilitates high computational performance, while its computational resources and energy cost are large. Moreover, data are often collected but not used. To solve these problems, we propose a framework for a computational model that follows a natural computational system, such as the human brain, and does not rely heavily on electronic computers. In particular, we propose a methodology based on the concept of `computation harvesting', which uses IoT data collected from rich sensors and leaves most of the computational processes to real-world phenomena as collected data. This aspect assumes that large-scale computations can be fast and resilient. Herein, we perform prediction tasks using real-world road traffic data to show the feasibility of computation harvesting. First, we show that the substantial computation in traffic flow is resilient against sensor failure and real-time traffic changes due to several combinations of harvesting from spatiotemporal dynamics to synthesize specific patterns. Next, we show the practicality of this method as a real-time prediction because of its low computational cost. Finally, we show that, compared to conventional methods, our method requires lower resources while providing a comparable performance.

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