Federated learning with class imbalance reduction

Miao Yang, Akitanoshou Wong, Hongbin Zhu, Haifeng Wang, Hua Qian

Federated learning (FL) is a promising technique that enables a large amount of edge computing devices to collaboratively train a global learning model. Due to privacy concerns, the raw data on devices could not be available for centralized server. Constrained by the spectrum limitation and computation capacity, only a subset of devices can be engaged to train and transmit the trained model to centralized server for aggregation. Since the local data distribution varies among all devices, class imbalance problem arises along with the unfavorable client selection, resulting in a slow converge rate of the global model. In this paper, an estimation scheme is designed to reveal the class distribution without the awareness of raw data. Based on the scheme, a device selection algorithm towards minimal class imbalance is proposed, thus can improve the convergence performance of the global model. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

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