A Formal Approach to the Co-Design of Embodied Intelligence

Gioele Zardini, Dejan Milojevic, Andrea Censi, Emilio Frazzoli

We consider the problem of formally co-designing embodied intelligence as a whole, from hardware components such as chassis and sensors to software modules such as control and perception pipelines. We propose a principled approach to formulate and solve complex embodied intelligence co-design problems, leveraging a monotone co-design theory. The methods we propose are intuitive and integrate heterogeneous engineering disciplines, allowing analytical and simulation-based modeling techniques and enabling interdisciplinarity. We illustrate through a case study how, given a set of desired behaviors, our framework is able to compute Pareto efficient solutions for the entire hardware and software stack of a self-driving vehicle.

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