The Connected Domination Number of Grids

Adarsh Srinivasan, N S Narayanaswamy

Closed form expressions for the domination number of an $n \times m$ grid have attracted significant attention, and an exact expression has been obtained in 2011 by Gon\c{c}alves et al. In this paper, we present our results on obtaining new lower bounds on the connected domination number of an $n \times m$ grid. The problem has been solved for grids with up to $4$ rows and with $6$ rows by Tolouse et al and the best currently known lower bound for arbitrary $m,n$ is $\lceil\frac{mn}{3}\rceil$. Fujie came up with a general construction for a connected dominating set of an $n \times m$ grid of size $\min \left\{2n+(m-4)+\lfloor\frac{m-4}{3}\rfloor(n-2), 2m+(n-4)+\lfloor\frac{n-4}{3}\rfloor(m-2) \right\}$ . In this paper, we investigate whether this construction is indeed optimum. We prove a new lower bound of $\left\lceil\frac{mn+2\lceil\frac{\min \{m,n\}}{3}\rceil}{3} \right\rceil$ for arbitrary $m,n \geq 4$.

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