Evaluating Feedback Strategies for Virtual Human Trainers

Xiumin Shang, Ahmed Sabbir Arif, Marcelo Kallmann

In this paper we address feedback strategies for an autonomous virtual trainer. First, a pilot study was conducted to identify and specify feedback strategies for assisting participants in performing a given task. The task involved sorting virtual cubes according to areas of countries displayed on them. Two feedback strategies were specified. The first provides correctness feedback by fully correcting user responses at each stage of the task, and the second provides suggestive feedback by only notifying if and how a response can be corrected. Both strategies were implemented in a virtual training system and empirically evaluated. The correctness feedback strategy was preferred by the participants, was more effective time-wise, and was more effective in improving task performance skills. The overall system was also rated comparable to hypothetically performing the same task with real interactions.

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