Solving Two Dimensional H(curl)-elliptic Interface Systems with Optimal Convergence On Unfitted Meshes

Ruchi Guo, Yanping Lin, Jun Zou

In this article, we develop and analyze a finite element method with the first family N\'ed\'elec elements of the lowest degree for solving a Maxwell interface problem modeled by a $\mathbf{H}(\text{curl})$-elliptic equation on unfitted meshes. To capture the jump conditions optimally, we construct and use $\mathbf{H}(\text{curl})$ immersed finite element (IFE) functions on interface elements while keep using the standard N\'ed\'elec functions on all the non-interface elements. We establish a few important properties for the IFE functions including the unisolvence according to the edge degrees of freedom, the exact sequence relating to the $H^1$ IFE functions and the optimal approximation capabilities. In order to achieve the optimal convergence rates, we employ a Petrov-Galerkin method in which the IFE functions are only used as the trial functions and the standard N\'ed\'elec functions are used as the test functions which can eliminate the non-conformity errors. We analyze the inf-sup conditions under certain conditions and show the optimal convergence rates which are also validated by numerical experiments.

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