This paper studies symbolic abstractions for nonlinear control systems using logarithmic quantization. With a logarithmic quantizer, we approximate the state and input sets, and then construct a novel discrete abstraction for nonlinear control systems. A feedback refinement relation between the constructed discrete abstraction and the original system is established. Using the constructed discrete abstraction, the safety controller synthesis problem is studied. With the discrete abstraction and the abstract specification, the existence of a safety controller is investigated, and the algorithm is proposed to compute the abstract controller. Finally, a numerical example is given to illustrate the obtained results.