A Panoramic Survey of Natural Language Processing in the Arab World

Kareem Darwish, Nizar Habash, Mourad Abbas, Hend Al-Khalifa, Huseein T. Al-Natsheh, Samhaa R. El-Beltagy, Houda Bouamor, Karim Bouzoubaa, Violetta Cavalli-Sforza, Wassim El-Hajj, Mustafa Jarrar, Hamdy Mubarak

The term natural language refers to any system of symbolic communication (spoken, signed or written) that has evolved naturally in humans without intentional human planning and design. This distinguishes natural languages such as Arabic and Japanese from artificially constructed languages such as Esperanto or Python. Natural language processing (NLP), also called computational linguistics or human language technologies, is the sub-field of artificial intelligence (AI) focused on modeling natural languages to build applications such as speech recognition and synthesis, machine translation, optical character recognition (OCR), sentiment analysis (SA), question answering, dialogue systems, etc. NLP is a highly interdisciplinary field with connections to computer science, linguistics, cognitive science, psychology, mathematics and others.

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