Progressively Volumetrized Deep Generative Models for Data-Efficient Contextual Learning of MR Image Recovery

Mahmut Yurt, Muzaffer Özbey, Salman Ul Hassan Dar, Berk Tınaz, Kader Karlı Oğuz, Tolga Çukur

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers the flexibility to image a given anatomic volume under a multitude of tissue contrasts. Yet, scan time considerations put stringent limits on the quality and diversity of MRI data. The gold-standard approach to alleviate this limitation is to recover high-quality images from data undersampled across various dimensions such as the Fourier domain or contrast sets. A central divide among recovery methods is whether the anatomy is processed per volume or per cross-section. Volumetric models offer enhanced capture of global contextual information, but they can suffer from suboptimal learning due to elevated model complexity. Cross-sectional models with lower complexity offer improved learning behavior, yet they ignore contextual information across the longitudinal dimension of the volume. Here, we introduce a novel data-efficient progressively volumetrized generative model (ProvoGAN) that decomposes complex volumetric image recovery tasks into a series of simpler cross-sectional tasks across individual rectilinear dimensions. ProvoGAN effectively captures global context and recovers fine-structural details across all dimensions, while maintaining low model complexity and data-efficiency advantages of cross-sectional models. Comprehensive demonstrations on mainstream MRI reconstruction and synthesis tasks show that ProvoGAN yields superior performance to state-of-the-art volumetric and cross-sectional models.

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