Photoacoustic Reconstruction Using Sparsity in Curvelet Frame

Bolin Pan, Simon R. Arridge, Felix Lucka, Ben T. Cox, Nam Huynh, Paul C. Beard, Edward Z. Zhang, Marta M. Betcke

We compare two approaches to photoacoustic image reconstruction from compressed/subsampled photoacoustic data based on assumption of sparsity in the Curvelet frame: DR, a two step approach based on the recovery of the complete volume of the photoacoustic data from the subsampled data followed by the acoustic inversion, and p0R, a one step approach where the photoacoustic image (the initial pressure, p0) is directly recovered from the subsampled data. For representation of the photoacoustic data, we propose a modification of the Curvelet transform corresponding to the restriction to the range of the photoacoustic forward operator. Both recovery problems are formulated in a variational framework. As the Curvelet frame is heavily overdetermined, we use reweighted l1 norm penalties to enhance the sparsity of the solution. The data reconstruction problem DR is a standard compressed sensing recovery problem, which we solve using an ADMM-type algorithm, SALSA. Subsequently, the initial pressure is recovered using time reversal as implemented in the k-Wave Toolbox. The p0 reconstruction problem, p0R, aims to recover the photoacoustic image directly via FISTA, or ADMM when in addition including a non-negativity constraint. We compare and discuss the relative merits of the two approaches and illustrate them on 2D simulated and 3D real data.

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