Translation-invariant interpolation of parametric dictionaries

Frédéric Champagnat, Cédric Herzet

In this communication, we address the problem of approximating the atoms of a parametric dictionary, commonly encountered in the context of sparse representations in "continuous" dictionaries. We focus on the case of translation-invariant dictionaries, where the inner product between atoms only depends on the difference between parameters. We investigate the following general question: is there some low-rank approximation of the dictionary $ which interpolates a subset of atoms while preserving the translation-invariant nature of the original dictionary? We derive necessary and sufficient conditions characterizing the existence of such an "interpolating" and "translation-invariant" low-rank approximation. Moreover, we provide closed-form expressions of such a dictionary when it exists. We illustrate the applicability of our results in the case of a two-dimensional isotropic Gaussian dictionary. We show that, in this particular setup, the proposed approximation framework outperforms standard Taylor approximation.

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