Recovering Trajectories of Unmarked Joints in 3D Human Actions Using Latent Space Optimization

Suhas Lohit, Rushil Anirudh, Pavan Turaga

Motion capture (mocap) and time-of-flight based sensing of human actions are becoming increasingly popular modalities to perform robust activity analysis. Applications range from action recognition to quantifying movement quality for health applications. While marker-less motion capture has made great progress, in critical applications such as healthcare, marker-based systems, especially active markers, are still considered gold-standard. However, there are several practical challenges in both modalities such as visibility, tracking errors, and simply the need to keep marker setup convenient wherein movements are recorded with a reduced marker-set. This implies that certain joint locations will not even be marked-up, making downstream analysis of full body movement challenging. To address this gap, we first pose the problem of reconstructing the unmarked joint data as an ill-posed linear inverse problem. We recover missing joints for a given action by projecting it onto the manifold of human actions, this is achieved by optimizing the latent space representation of a deep autoencoder. Experiments on both mocap and Kinect datasets clearly demonstrate that the proposed method performs very well in recovering semantics of the actions and dynamics of missing joints. We will release all the code and models publicly.

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