Granger-faithfulness and link orientation in network reconstruction

Mihaela Dimovska, Donatello Materassi

Networked dynamic systems are often abstracted as directed graphs, where the observed system processes form the vertex set and directed edges are used to represent non-zero transfer functions. Recovering the exact underlying graph structure of such a networked dynamic system, given only observational data, is a challenging task. Under relatively mild well-posedness assumptions on the network dynamics, there are state-of-the-art methods which can guarantee the absence of false positives. However, in this article we prove that under the same well-posedness assumptions, there are instances of networks for which any method is susceptible to inferring false negative edges or false positive edges. Borrowing a terminology from the theory of graphical models, we say those systems are unfaithful to their networks. We formalize a variant of faithfulness for dynamic systems, called Granger-faithfulness, and for a large class of dynamic networks, we show that Granger-unfaithful systems constitute a Lebesgue zero-measure set. For the same class of networks, under the Granger-faithfulness assumption, we provide an algorithm that reconstructs the network topology with guarantees for no false positive and no false negative edges in its output. We augment the topology reconstruction algorithm with orientation rules for some of the inferred edges, and we prove the rules are consistent under the Granger-faithfulness assumption.

Knowledge Graph

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