RAR-U-Net: a Residual Encoder to Attention Decoder by Residual Connections Framework for Spine Segmentation under Noisy Labels

Ziyang Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Irina Voiculescu

Segmentation algorithms of medical image volumes are widely studied for many clinical and research purposes. We propose a novel and efficient framework for medical image segmentation. The framework functions under a deep learning paradigm, incorporating four novel contributions. Firstly, a residual interconnection is explored in different scale encoders. Secondly, four copy and crop connections are replaced to residual-block-based concatenation to alleviate the disparity between encoders and decoders, respectively. Thirdly, convolutional attention modules for feature refinement are studied on all scale decoders. Finally, an adaptive denoising learning strategy(ADL) based on the training process from underfitting to overfitting is studied. Experimental results are illustrated on a publicly available benchmark database of spine CTs. Our segmentation framework achieves competitive performance with other state-of-the-art methods over a variety of different evaluation measures.

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