SGD_Tucker: A Novel Stochastic Optimization Strategy for Parallel Sparse Tucker Decomposition

Hao Li, Zixuan Li, Kenli Li, Jan S. Rellermeyer, Lydia Chen, Keqin Li

Sparse Tucker Decomposition (STD) algorithms learn a core tensor and a group of factor matrices to obtain an optimal low-rank representation feature for the \underline{H}igh-\underline{O}rder, \underline{H}igh-\underline{D}imension, and \underline{S}parse \underline{T}ensor (HOHDST). However, existing STD algorithms face the problem of intermediate variables explosion which results from the fact that the formation of those variables, i.e., matrices Khatri-Rao product, Kronecker product, and matrix-matrix multiplication, follows the whole elements in sparse tensor. The above problems prevent deep fusion of efficient computation and big data platforms. To overcome the bottleneck, a novel stochastic optimization strategy (SGD$\_$Tucker) is proposed for STD which can automatically divide the high-dimension intermediate variables into small batches of intermediate matrices. Specifically, SGD$\_$Tucker only follows the randomly selected small samples rather than the whole elements, while maintaining the overall accuracy and convergence rate. In practice, SGD$\_$Tucker features the two distinct advancements over the state of the art. First, SGD$\_$Tucker can prune the communication overhead for the core tensor in distributed settings. Second, the low data-dependence of SGD$\_$Tucker enables fine-grained parallelization, which makes SGD$\_$Tucker obtaining lower computational overheads with the same accuracy. Experimental results show that SGD$\_$Tucker runs at least 2$X$ faster than the state of the art.

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