Dynamic Clustering in Federated Learning

Yeongwoo Kim, Ezeddin Al Hakim, Johan Haraldson, Henrik Eriksson, José Mairton B. da Silva, Carlo Fischione

In the resource management of wireless networks, Federated Learning has been used to predict handovers. However, non-independent and identically distributed data degrade the accuracy performance of such predictions. To overcome the problem, Federated Learning can leverage data clustering algorithms and build a machine learning model for each cluster. However, traditional data clustering algorithms, when applied to the handover prediction, exhibit three main limitations: the risk of data privacy breach, the fixed shape of clusters, and the non-adaptive number of clusters. To overcome these limitations, in this paper, we propose a three-phased data clustering algorithm, namely: generative adversarial network-based clustering, cluster calibration, and cluster division. We show that the generative adversarial network-based clustering preserves privacy. The cluster calibration deals with dynamic environments by modifying clusters. Moreover, the divisive clustering explores the different number of clusters by repeatedly selecting and dividing a cluster into multiple clusters. A baseline algorithm and our algorithm are tested on a time series forecasting task. We show that our algorithm improves the performance of forecasting models, including cellular network handover, by 43%.

Knowledge Graph

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