A Novel Hybrid Framework for Hourly PM2.5 Concentration Forecasting Using CEEMDAN and Deep Temporal Convolutional Neural Network

Fuxin Jiang, Chengyuan Zhang, Shaolong Sun, Jingyun Sun

For hourly PM2.5 concentration prediction, accurately capturing the data patterns of external factors that affect PM2.5 concentration changes, and constructing a forecasting model is one of efficient means to improve forecasting accuracy. In this study, a novel hybrid forecasting model based on complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (CEEMDAN) and deep temporal convolutional neural network (DeepTCN) is developed to predict PM2.5 concentration, by modelling the data patterns of historical pollutant concentrations data, meteorological data, and discrete time variables' data. Taking PM2.5 concentration of Beijing as the sample, experimental results showed that the forecasting accuracy of the proposed CEEMDAN-DeepTCN model is verified to be the highest when compared with the time series model, artificial neural network, and the popular deep learning models. The new model has improved the capability to model the PM2.5-related factor data patterns, and can be used as a promising tool for forecasting PM2.5 concentrations.

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