Cosine-Pruned Medial Axis: A new method for isometric equivariant and noise-free medial axis extraction

Diego Patiño, John Branch

We present the CPMA, a new method for medial axis pruning with noise robustness and equivariance to isometric transformations. Our method leverages the discrete cosine transform to create smooth versions of a shape $\Omega$. We use the smooth shapes to compute a score function $\scorefunction$ that filters out spurious branches from the medial axis. We extensively compare the CPMA with state-of-the-art pruning methods and highlight our method's noise robustness and isometric equivariance. We found that our pruning approach achieves competitive results and yields stable medial axes even in scenarios with significant contour perturbations.

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