Towards a Secure and Resilient All-Renewable Energy Grid for Smart Cities

Charalambos Konstantinou

The concept of smart cities is driven by the need to enhance citizens' quality of life. It is estimated that 70% of the world population will live in urban areas by 2050. The electric grid is the energy backbone of smart city deployments. An electric energy system immune to adverse events, both cyber and physical risks, and able to support the integration of renewable sources will drive a transformational development approach for future smart cities. This article describes how the future electric energy system with 100% electricity supply from renewable energy sources requires the "birth of security and resiliency" incorporated with its ecosystem.

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