Reconstructing Sparse Signals via Greedy Monte-Carlo Search

Kao Hayashi, Tomoyuki Obuchi, Yoshiyuki Kabashima

We propose a Monte-Carlo-based method for reconstructing sparse signals in the formulation of sparse linear regression in a high-dimensional setting. The basic idea of this algorithm is to explicitly select variables or covariates to represent a given data vector or responses and accept randomly generated updates of that selection if and only if the energy or cost function decreases. This algorithm is called the greedy Monte-Carlo (GMC) search algorithm. Its performance is examined via numerical experiments, which suggests that in the noiseless case, GMC can achieve perfect reconstruction in undersampling situations of a reasonable level: it can outperform the $\ell_1$ relaxation but does not reach the algorithmic limit of MC-based methods theoretically clarified by an earlier analysis. The necessary computational time is also examined and compared with that of an algorithm using simulated annealing. Additionally, experiments on the noisy case are conducted on synthetic datasets and on a real-world dataset, supporting the practicality of GMC.

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