Zero-Error Communication over Adversarial MACs

Yihan Zhang

We consider zero-error communication over a two-transmitter deterministic adversarial multiple access channel (MAC) governed by an adversary who has access to the transmissions of both senders (hence called omniscient) and aims to maliciously corrupt the communication. None of the encoders, jammer and decoder is allowed to randomize using private or public randomness. This enforces a combinatorial nature of the problem. Our model covers a large family of channels studied in the literature, including all deterministic discrete memoryless noisy or noiseless MACs. In this work, given an arbitrary two-transmitter deterministic omniscient adversarial MAC, we characterize when the capacity region 1) has nonempty interior (in particular, is two-dimensional); 2) consists of two line segments (in particular, has empty interior); 3) consists of one line segment (in particular, is one-dimensional); 4) or only contains $ (0,0) $ (in particular, is zero-dimensional). This extends a recent result by Wang, Budkuley, Bogdanov and Jaggi (2019) from the point-to-point setting to the multiple access setting. Indeed, our converse arguments build upon their generalized Plotkin bound and involve delicate case analysis. One of the technical challenges is to take care of both "joint confusability" and "marginal confusability". In particular, the treatment of marginal confusability does not follow from the point-to-point results by Wang et al. Our achievability results follow from random coding with expurgation.

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