PV-RCNN++: Point-Voxel Feature Set Abstraction With Local Vector Representation for 3D Object Detection

Shaoshuai Shi, Li Jiang, Jiajun Deng, Zhe Wang, Chaoxu Guo, Jianping Shi, Xiaogang Wang, Hongsheng Li

3D object detection is receiving increasing attention from both industry and academia thanks to its wide applications in various fields. In this paper, we propose the Point-Voxel Region based Convolution Neural Networks (PV-RCNNs) for accurate 3D detection from point clouds. First, we propose a novel 3D object detector, PV-RCNN-v1, which employs the voxel-to-keypoint scene encoding and keypoint-to-grid RoI feature abstraction two novel steps. These two steps deeply incorporate both 3D voxel CNN and PointNet-based set abstraction for learning discriminative point-cloud features. Second, we propose a more advanced framework, PV-RCNN-v2, for more efficient and accurate 3D detection. It consists of two major improvements, where the first one is the sectorized proposal-centric strategy for efficiently producing more representative and uniformly distributed keypoints, and the second one is the VectorPool aggregation to replace set abstraction for better aggregating local point-cloud features with much less resource consumption. With these two major modifications, our PV-RCNN-v2 runs more than twice as fast as the v1 version while still achieving better performance on the large-scale Waymo Open Dataset with 150m * 150m detection range. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our proposed PV-RCNNs significantly outperform previous state-of-the-art 3D detection methods on both the Waymo Open Dataset and the highly-competitive KITTI benchmark.

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