Lower Bounds on Information Requirements for Causal Network Inference

Xiaohan Kang, Bruce Hajek

Recovery of the causal structure of dynamic networks from noisy measurements has long been a problem of intense interest across many areas of science and engineering. Many algorithms have been proposed, but there is little work that compares the performance of the algorithms to converse bounds. As a step to address this problem, this paper gives lower bounds on the error probability for causal network support recovery in a linear Gaussian setting. The bounds are based on the use of the Bhattacharyya coefficient for binary hypothesis testing problems with mixture probability distributions. Comparison of the bounds and the performance achieved by two representative recovery algorithms are given for sparse random networks based on the Erd\H{o}s-R\'enyi model.

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