$\mathcal{E}\text{psolute}$: Efficiently Querying Databases While Providing Differential Privacy

Dmytro Bogatov, Georgios Kellaris, George Kollios, Kobbi Nissim, Adam O'Neill

As organizations struggle with processing vast amounts of information, outsourcing sensitive data to third parties becomes a necessity. To protect the data, various cryptographic techniques are used in outsourced database systems to ensure data privacy, while allowing efficient querying. Recent attacks on such systems demonstrate that even with strong cryptography, just communication volume or access pattern is enough for an adversary to succeed. In this work we present a model for differentially private outsourced database system and a concrete construction, $\mathcal{E}\text{psolute}$, that provably conceals the aforementioned leakages, while remaining efficient and scalable. In our solution, differential privacy is preserved at the record level even against an untrusted server that controls data and queries. Our system combines Oblivious RAM and differentially private sanitizers to create a generic and efficient construction. We go further and present a set of improvements to bring the solution to efficiency and practicality necessary for real-world adoption. We describe the way to parallelize the operations, minimize the amount of noise, and reduce the number of I/O operations, while preserving the privacy guarantees. We run an extensive set of experiments, dozens of servers processing up to 10 million records, and compile detailed result analysis proving the efficiency and scalability of our solution.

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